While myopia is nearsightedness, hyperopia is farsightedness. In this refractive error, items in the distance appear clear but near objects are blurry or out of focus. Its cause is the opposite of myopia: hyperopia is caused when the eyeball is too short, allowing light waves to hit the retina before fully coming into focus. Like myopia, an improperly curved cornea can also be at fault.
Hyperopia is also hereditary and is generally diagnosed in children or adolescents. Most young children have hyperopia to a small degree that goes away naturally in the teenage years.
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